Lavash is a Turkish bread type that basically made with flour, water, and salt. In Turkey, it is mainly served with Kebabs in restaurants; however, we love to eat lavash bread with any dish too. It is also a very common bread type in other Turkic countries such as Azerbaijan, Kyrgyzstan, and Kazakhstan. You can eat it either hot or cold. In both ways, it is my favorite bread type. And hopefully, after today it will be your favorite bread type too.
There are different types of Lavash bread in Turkey but two of them are the most common ones. The first type has a thin, crusty, and large round shape which cooks either in pit ovens or on the special large cast irons. The second one also has a thin but balloon shape that can cook mostly at restaurant’s stone ovens or on the regular stove by using a non-stick pan.
The balloon shape Lavash bread has fewer additional ingredients than the classic one and the cooking method is slightly different. Today, I am going to share with you the recipe of balloon shape Lavash bread.
The Story of Lavash
Lavash is the oldest Turkish bread type that is widely preferred in Turkey and other Turkic cultures for thousands of years. Lavash bread has found after the millstone was invented in the Neolithic period. Millstones are used for grinding wheat to make flour and they are still in use in villages of Turkey. The below photo is a great example to show how flour is produced by using millstones.
In Turkey, villagers make their flour in the summertime. First, they harvest wheat, and then they grind the wheat at the millstones to produce flour. The produced flour uses in the wintertime to make Lavash bread. This is the oldest routine to produce bread in Turkey.
Lavash bread is involved in UNESCO’s Intangible Heritage List on behalf of Turkey in 2016. You can reach this information at https://bit.ly/2uIObUu. You can see UNESCO’s acceptance document for Lavash bread.
- 3 1/2 cups flour
- 1 1/4 cups lukewarm water
- 2 1/2 teaspoon dry yeast
- 2 teaspoon sugar
- 2 1/2 teaspoon salt
- 4 tbsp butter
- 2 tbsp sesame seeds
- 1 egg yolk
In a bowl, mix flour, dry yeast, sugar, salt and warm water and stir them well.
After 10 minutes, melt the butter and then let it cool down aside and then stir it into the bowl and knead them well. Close the bowl top with a moisturized piece of cloth or towel and let dough rest about 40 minutes.
After the dough rest, put some flour to counter surface and divide the dough to 6 equal pieces. Take the first piece of the dough you divide and roll it until it has 3-4 mm thickness (make very thin) and 18-20 cm radius with rolling pin. Apply the method to the remaining dough pieces.
Preheat the oven 250 C (482 F). Grease the oven tray with a little olive oil and place the first 3 pieces of Lavash.
Coat the tops of the dough disks with egg yolk and add the sesame seeds on top them. And then place the tray into the oven. Bake them about 10 minutes until the dough puff up high and began to change its color to light brownish.
Tip: If you have time, make them one by one and place the dough to the center of the tray to have best baking result.